market cautionGary Gately: There’s nothing like buying securities with money you don’t have – or, more precisely, with borrowed money from your broker, with your investments as collateral.
It’s called buying on margin, and it’s soaring as the market continues its tear and speculative investors seek a piece of the action. As your stocks appreciate you can borrow even more. A market rally lets you expand your portfolio by piling on more debt.
But it’s potentially dangerous and could portend a stock market crash.
Have you ever wondered how billionaires continue to get RICHER, while the rest of the world is struggling?
"I study billionaires for a living. To be more specific, I study how these investors generate such huge and consistent profits in the stock markets -- year-in and year-out."
As the accompanying chart shows, historically there has been a direct link between a surge in margin loans and corresponding stock market peaks – followed by sharp declines in the markets.
So it’s no small matter of concern that the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority reports the amount owed on loans secured by investments climbed to a record high $384 billion at the end of April.
That topped the previous high – $381 billion in 2007, not coincidentally, just before the financial meltdown and the Great Recession.
As a percentage of the economy, the latest margin borrowing totaled 2.71% of gross domestic product.
By comparison, margin borrowing hit 2.73% of GDP in July 2007, during the housing bubble, and 2.81% in March 2000 during the tech bubble, which was followed by a stock market crash.
“Very Much a Danger Sign”
So how should investors view the latest figures on margin borrowing?
“They’re very much a danger sign,” Money Morning Chief Investment Strategist Keith Fitz-Gerald said. “From a technical perspective, margin borrowing has risen to levels that we know are consistent with major corrections.”
But Fitz-Gerald pointed out, “Investors need to learn to review the figures just like a big road sign. It doesn’t stop you from driving down the road. It just says ‘potential hazard ahead.’”
In margin lending, investors who take out margin loans get cash from their broker, with their investments as collateral, and can use the cash to pay for other investments.
Brokers set a minimum value of equities an investor must keep in an account, and if the account dips below this level as stocks depreciate they can issue a margin call requiring the investor to put more money into their account – or force them to sell securities to cover the margin.
“The problem with margin is that it magnifies the risks you take,” Fitz-Gerald said. “Your profit potential is huge but then so is your loss potential unless you know how to manage that risk properly.
“Most retail investors simply do not understand what it is they’re getting into and they fall prey to these very seductive investment ads coming out of Wall Street that are designed for one purpose and one purpose only: to separate them from their money.”
Depression-Era Margin Calls
Today, an investor’s minimum margin requirement – set by the Federal Reserve - is 50%, much higher than margins that had been as low as 10% during the 1920s. This means today you can buy $10,000 of stock by borrowing $5,000 from your broker on margin.
Back then, when the market started to contract and investors got margin calls they couldn’t cover, their shares were sold, leading to more market declines and more margin calls.
This phenomenon was a major contributor to the 1929 market crash and the Great Depression, Fitz-Gerald noted.
“Investors started taking assets that they needed and they started leveraging them into investments that they arguably didn’t need,” he said, “and when we had the big crash, people found out the hard way that it’s awfully hard to pay back loans you have with assets that depreciate in value.”
Related: S&P 500 (INDEXSP:.INX), Dow Jones Industrial Average (INDEXDJX:.DJI).
Money MorningWritten By Gary Gately From Money Morning
We’re in the midst of the greatest investing boom in almost 60 years. And rest assured – this boom is not about to end anytime soon. You see, the flattening of the world continues to spawn new markets worth trillions of dollars; new customers that measure in the billions; an insatiable global demand for basic resources that’s growing exponentially; and a technological revolution even in the most distant markets on the planet.And MoneyMorning is here to help investors profit handsomely on this seismic shift in theglobal economy. In fact, we believe this is where the only real fortunes will be made in the months and years to come.
NOTICE: Timebomb2000 is an Internet forum for discussion of world events and personal disaster preparation. Membership is by request only. The opinions posted do not necessarily represent those of TB2K Incorporated (the owner of this website), the staff or site host. Responsibility for the content of all posts rests solely with the Member making them. Neither TB2K Inc, the Staff nor the site host shall be liable for any content.
All original member content posted on this forum becomes the property of TB2K Inc. for archival and display purposes on the Timebomb2000 website venue. Said content may be removed or edited at staff discretion. The original authors retain all rights to their material outside of the Timebomb2000.com website venue. Publication of any original material from Timebomb2000.com on other websites or venues without permission from TB2K Inc. or the original author is expressly forbidden.
"Timebomb2000", "TB2K" and "Watching the World Tick Away" are Service Mark℠ TB2K, Inc. All Rights Reserved.